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Hospital facilities, occupational safety environment and self-efficacy as predictors of healthcare-associated infections prevention and control compliance in nurses of inpatient care units

Luh Yulia Adiningsih , Ni Made Sri Nopiyani, I Made Ady Wirawan

Luh Yulia Adiningsih
Udayana University. Email: lyauno@yahoo.com

Ni Made Sri Nopiyani
Udayana University

I Made Ady Wirawan
Udayana University
Online First: December 01, 2018 | Cite this Article
Adiningsih, L., Nopiyani, N., Wirawan, I. 2018. Hospital facilities, occupational safety environment and self-efficacy as predictors of healthcare-associated infections prevention and control compliance in nurses of inpatient care units. Public Health and Preventive Medicine Archive 6(2): 93-100. DOI:10.15562/phpma.v6i2.96


Background and purpose: The implementation of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) prevention and control program in hospitals remains sub-optimal. The present study aims to determine the relationships between nurse’s self-efficacy, hospital’s occupational safety environment, and the availability of facilities, with the compliance on HAIs prevention and control in hospital inpatient care units.

Methods: Cross-sectional survey was conducted with 128 nurses selected using systematic random sampling at Buleleng District Hospital’s inpatient care units. Data collection was conducted in March 2018 using self-administered questionnaires. Bivariate analysis was conducted to calculate the Pearson correlation coefficients between variables. Multivariate analysis was performed with multiple linear regressions to determine the association between self-efficacy, occupational safety environment and availability of facilities with the compliance on HAIs prevention and control.

Results: The study shows that 56.2% of nurses reported good compliance on HAIs prevention and control practices. Bivariate analysis shows a significant correlation between HAIs prevention and control compliance scores and self-efficacy (r=0.45; p=0.00), occupational safety environment (r=0.53; p=0.00), and the availability of facilities (r=0.65; p=0.00). Multivariate analysis shows that the availability of facilities is a significant predictor of HAIs prevention and control compliance (β=0.49; p<0.01) while self-efficacy and the occupational safety environment are also found to be significant predictors, although with lower standardized coefficients: β=0.16 (p=0.03) and β=0.17 (p=0.04), respectively.

Conclusion: The availability of facilities is a significant predictor of the compliance on HAIs prevention and control. Self-efficacy and hospital’s occupational safety environment are also significant predictors with lower standardized coefficients. This study highlights the importance of optimizing the availability of facilities, improving the occupational safety environment, and enhancing nurses' self-efficacy in order to reduce the incidence of HAIs in hospitals.

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