Articles

Factors associated with minimum dietary diversity among 6-11-month-old children in Indonesia: Analysis of the 2017 Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey

Eurika Zebadia, Dominikus Raditya Atmaka

Eurika Zebadia
Nutrition Department, Public Health Faculty, Universitas Airlangga

Dominikus Raditya Atmaka
Nutrition Department, Public Health Faculty, Universitas Airlangga. Email: dominikus.raditya@fkm.unair.ac.id
Online First: December 03, 2021 | Cite this Article
Zebadia, E., Atmaka, D. 2021. Factors associated with minimum dietary diversity among 6-11-month-old children in Indonesia: Analysis of the 2017 Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey. Public Health and Preventive Medicine Archive 9(2): 132-138. DOI:10.15562/phpma.v9i2.340


Background and purpose: The indicators to assess food diversity in complementary feeding is minimum dietary diversity (MDD). In 2017, the proportion of MDD among 6-11-month-old children in Indonesia was 33.8%, which was the lowest among other age group and below the national rate. This study aims to explore factors associated with MDD among 6-11-month-old children in Indonesia

Methods: This study was a secondary data analysis of the 2017 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS), a cross-sectional study involving 17,848 children across all provinces in Indonesia. The final samples included in this analysis were 1,593 children aged 6-11-month-old. Variables analyzed were parent’s education level, access to information, parent’s occupation, wealth index, and access to health facilities. Logistic regression model was applied to identify   factors associated with MDD.

Results: The proportion of MDD in this study was 35.1%. The highest food groups that were consumed were staple food, vitamin-A rich fruits and vegetables, and breastmilk. The final model showed factors which correlated significantly with complementary feeding practices that met MDD requirement were wealth index categorized as richer (OR=1.72; 95%CI: 1.16-2.55; p=0.007), wealth index categorized as richest (OR=2.42; 95%CI: 1.58-3.68; p<0.001) and using internet almost every day (OR=1.42; 95%CI: 1.05-1.91; p=0.023).

Conclusion: Wealth index and internet use were independently associated with MDD. Online media should be considered as channel to spread information of complementary feeding diversity to children, while socio-economic factor which associated to food accessibility should be addressed by involving beyond health sector.

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