Articles

Implementation of food labelling policy in small, medium and micro food businesses in West Nusa Tenggara

Dumilah Ayuningtyas , Ida Farida, RR Mega Utami, Sandra Barinda, Sayyidatul Munawaroh

Dumilah Ayuningtyas
Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia. Email: dumilah.ayuningtyas@gmail.com

Ida Farida
National Agency of Drug and Food Control

RR Mega Utami
Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia

Sandra Barinda
Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia; National Agency of Drug and Food Control

Sayyidatul Munawaroh
Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia
Online First: December 30, 2021 | Cite this Article
Ayuningtyas, D., Farida, I., Utami, R., Barinda, S., Munawaroh, S. 2021. Implementation of food labelling policy in small, medium and micro food businesses in West Nusa Tenggara. Public Health and Preventive Medicine Archive 9(2): 139-144. DOI:10.15562/phpma.v9i2.331


Background and purpose: The government has adopted policies regarding food labelling to ensure food quality and safety, but the implementation has not yet optimal. This study identifies resources, knowledge, and facilities that affect food labelling implementation in small, medium, and micro food-businesses (SMMF-B) in West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. 


Methods: We conducted a mixed method study. The qualitative data was collected through in-depth interviews with informants from the West Nusa Tenggara Provincial Office of National Agency of Drug and Food Control and the Mataram City Health Office, and a focused-group discussion involving SMMF-B owners. The quantitative data was collected with a survey to 30 respondents using questionnaire and observation of the label of 36 SMMF-B products to determine the presence of product’s label, composition, net-weight, producer’s name and address, production code, expiry date and distribution license.


Results: We found SMMF-B owners’ knowledge on food labelling was low, however, they expressed supports to the implementation of food label controlling. Of the 36 food labels, the two highest number of violations were the absence of production code (88.9%) and net weight (86.1%). Meanwhile, of the 30 surveyed respondents, the majority (96.6%) stated the importance of labels on SMMF-B products and almost two third (63.4%) read food labels before purchasing the product.


Conclusion: This study reveals that SMMF-B in West Nusa Tenggara has not implemented food labelling policies optimally. The lack of implementation was influenced by the government's lack of funds and minimal information and monitoring efforts. Therefore, government should increase budget allocation for food label controlling, number and capacity of food label controllers and strengthen the enforcement.

References

Ababio PF, Adi DD, Amoah M. Evaluating the awareness and importance of food labelling information among consumers in the Kumasi metropolis of Ghana. Food Control. 2012; 26(2): 571-574.

Bandara BES, Silva DAM De, Maduwanthi BCH, Warunasinghe WAAI. Impact of food labeling information on consumer purchasing decision : with special reference to Faculty of Agricultural Sciences. Procedia Food Sci. 2016; 6: 309-313.

Tonkin E, Wilson AM, Coveney J, Webb T, Meyer SB. Trust in and through labelling – a systematic review and critique. Br Food J. 2014; 117(1): 318-338.

Phulkerd S, Sacks G, Vandevijvere S, Worsley A, Lawrence M. Barriers and potential facilitators to the implementation of government policies on front-of-pack food labeling and restriction of unhealthy food advertising in Thailand. Food Policy. 2017; 71(July): 101-110.

Kurniawati D, Yuliando H. Productivity improvement of Small-Scale Medium Enterprises (SMEs) on food products: case at Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia. Agric Agric Sci Proccedia. 2015; 3: 189-194.

Van Meter DS, Van Horn CE. The policy implementation process: a conceptual framework. Adm Soc. 1975; 6(4): 445-488.

Widodo J. Analisis kebijakan publik: konsep dan aplikasi analisis proses kebijakan publik [Public policy analysis: concepts and applications of public policy process analysis]. 10th ed. Wahyudi S, Setyorini Y, Basuki I, editors. Malang: Media Nusa Creative; 2017.

Vuik S, Cecchini M. The impact of obesity policies on the food and drink industry. OECD Health Policy Studies. 2019; 221-252.

Indonesian Food and Drug Authority. Laporan tahunan BPOM tahun 2020 [Indonesian food and drug authority annual report 2020]. Indonesian Food and Drug Authority (BPOM). 2020.

Makinde T. Problems of policy implementation in developing nations: the Nigerian experience. J Soc Sci. 2005; 11(1): 63-69.

Guglielmin M, Muntaner C, Campo PO, Shankardass K. A scoping review of the implementation of health in all policies at the local level. Health Policy (New York). 2018; 122(3): 284-292.

Ryan DE. From commitment to action: a literature review on climate policy implementation at city level. Clim Change. 2015; 131: 519-529.

Winarno B. Kebijakan publik: teori dan proses [Public policy: theory and process]. Jakarta: Media Pressindo; 2007.

Rahmat S, Boon C, Syaiful M, Bin R, Hamid A. Challenges of developing countries in complying quality and enhancing standards in food industries. Procedia - Soc Behav Sci. 2016; 224(August 2015): 445-451.

Houghtaling B, Serrano EL, Kraak VI, Harden SM, Davis GC, Misyak SA. A systematic review of factors that influence food store owner and manager decision making and ability or willingness to use choice architecture and marketing mix strategies to encourage healthy consumer purchases in the United States, 2005-2017. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2019; 16(1): 1-14.

Amuta-Jimenez AO, Lo C, Talwar D, Khan N, Barry AE. Food label literacy and use among US adults diagnosed with cancer: results from a national representative study. J Cancer Educ. 2019; 34(5): 1000-1009.


No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 45
PDF Downloads : 24