Editorial

Gut microbiota offers new insight into public health

I Nengah Sujaya

I Nengah Sujaya
Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University; Research Group of Probiotic and Gut Health, Research Center of Medical Sciences, Udayana University; Integrated Laboratory for Bioscience and Biotechnology, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia. Email: nsujaya@unud.ac.id
Online First: December 31, 2020 | Cite this Article
Sujaya, I. 2020. Gut microbiota offers new insight into public health. Public Health and Preventive Medicine Archive 8(2): 85-84. DOI:10.15562/phpma.v8i2.294


Research in the field of gut microbiota has grown rapidly in the last decade after the discovery of the role of gut microbiota (GM) in various aspects of human health. This phenomenon is also supported by the growing accumulated data after the gut microbiome project. The consortium of the human GM consists of around 100 trillion microbes, with the total number of genes (microbiome) are estimated at a hundred times of the human genome. With the interphase hypothesis between GM, health and diseases, it stimulates GM research for the prevention of various diseases.

References

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Arboleya S, Watkins C, Stanton C, Ross RP: Gut bifidobacteria populations in human health and aging. Frontiers in microbiology. 2016; 7:1204.

Yatsunenko T, Rey FE, Manary MJ, Trehan I, Dominguez-Bello MG, Contreras M, et al. Human gut microbiome viewed across age and geography. Nature. 2012; 486(7402):222-227.

Sonnenburg ED, Sonnenburg JL. The ancestral and industrialized gut microbiota and implications for human health. Nature Reviews Microbiology. 2019; 17(6):383-390.

Vonaesch P, Morien E, Andrianonimiadana L, Sanke H, Mbecko J-R, Huus KE, et al. Stunted childhood growth is associated with decompartmentalization of the gastrointestinal tract and overgrowth of oropharyngeal taxa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2018: 115(36):E8489-E8498.


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