Articles

Good parental feeding style reduces the risk of stunting among under-five children in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Erni Gustina , Liena Sofiana, Suci Musvita Ayu, Yuniar Wardani, Ditra Irna Lasari

Erni Gustina
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Email: erni.gustina@ikm.uad.ac.id

Liena Sofiana
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Suci Musvita Ayu
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Yuniar Wardani
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Ditra Irna Lasari
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Online First: December 31, 2020 | Cite this Article
Gustina, E., Sofiana, L., Ayu, S., Wardani, Y., Lasari, D. 2020. Good parental feeding style reduces the risk of stunting among under-five children in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Public Health and Preventive Medicine Archive 8(2): 120-125. DOI:10.15562/phpma.v8i2.271


Background and purpose: In Indonesia, many studies on the causes of stunting in children have been conducted. However, still few have explored the parental feeding style in relation to stunting. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between parental feeding style and stunting among under-five children in Kulon Progo District, Yogyakarta.

Methods: This study used a cross sectional design. This study involved 729 respondents who were the entire population of under-five children in Kulon Progo. Mothers were interviewed about the socio-demographic, economic and parental feeding style that mothers gave to their children using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed descriptively to identify the frequency distribution of each variable, hypothesis testing with chi square test and multivariable analysis with logistic regression at a significance level of 5% were performed.

Results: Of the 729 under-five children analyzed, 37.6% were found to be stunting. The proportion of poor parental feeding style was almost 50%. The finding of this study showed that mother’s occupation (AOR=2.13; 95%CI: 1.26-3.59), family income (AOR=3.56; 95%CI: 2.34-5.42) and parental feeding style (AOR=2.77; 95%CI: 1.97-3.91) have a significant relationship with stunting.

Conclusion: The prevalence of stunting is quite high in the study area. Parents with poor parental feeding style are predicted to increase the risk of stunting among under-five children. Family-based interventions that involve parenting styles in child feeding practices should be considered in reducing stunting among children.

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