Articles

The correlation between knowledge, body image perception and self efficacy with anxiety among perimenopausal women in Dauh Puri Klod Village, Bali

Ni Made Ayu Yulia Raswati Teja , Ni Komang Ekawati, Ni Made Swasti Wulanyani

Ni Made Ayu Yulia Raswati Teja
Public Health Post-graduate Program, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University. Email: ayuteja.stikesbali@gmail.com

Ni Komang Ekawati
Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University

Ni Made Swasti Wulanyani
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University
Online First: July 31, 2019 | Cite this Article
Teja, N., Ekawati, N., Wulanyani, N. 2019. The correlation between knowledge, body image perception and self efficacy with anxiety among perimenopausal women in Dauh Puri Klod Village, Bali. Public Health and Preventive Medicine Archive 7(1): 26-31. DOI:10.15562/phpma.v7i1.190


Background and purpose: Level of anxiety among women approaching menopause is often high. This is influenced by knowledge, education, culture and customs, body image perception and self-efficacy. This study aims to determine the relationship between knowledge, perception of body image and self-efficacy with anxiety in perimenopausal women.

Methods: This study employed a cross sectional design with 87 perimenopausal women aged 45-55 years in Dauh Puri Klod Village, Denpasar City, Bali Province. Respondents were selected with systematic random sampling from 1,039 women aged 45-55 years recorded in Dauh Puri Klod Village. Interviews were conducted at each respondent's house in August 2018. Data collected included sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge, perception of body image, self-efficacy and anxiety levels among women approaching menopause. Bivariate analysis with chi square test and multivariate analysis with logistic regression were conducted to identify the association between variables.

Results: The results of bivariate analysis showed that variables associated with anxiety were knowledge (p=0.001), perception of body image (p=0.012) and self-efficacy (p=0.001). The results of multivariate analysis with the backward method showed that the variables associated with anxiety were knowledge (AOR=10.83; 95%CI: 3.31-35.37) and self-efficacy (AOR=3.48; 95%CI: 1.09-11.14).

Conclusion: Anxiety in women approaching menopause is associated with knowledge and self-efficacy, but is not associated with perceptions of body image. Knowledge plays the most dominant role in reducing anxiety. Education needs to be improved to reduce anxiety in women approaching menopause.

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